Privigen is a ready-to-use, sterile, 10% protein liquid preparation of polyvalent human immunoglobulin G (IgG) for intravenous administration.
Privigen is FDA-approved for the following indications:
Treatment with Privigen might interfere with a patient's response to live virus vaccines, such as measles, mumps, rubella, and varicella. Inform the immunizing physician of recent therapy with Privigen so that appropriate measures can be taken.
Privigen has a purity of at least 98% IgG, consisting primarily of monomers. Privigen contains ≤25 mcg/mL IgA.
No, in fact, Privigen contains no sugar. Privigen is the first and only 10% liquid IVIg therapy stabilized with proline.
Privigen is for intravenous (IV) administration and should be infused by a separate infusion line. It should never be mixed with other IV medications, including other types of IVIg. Privigen may be diluted with D5W. Privigen should be at room temperature (up to 25° C [77° F]) at the time of administration.
An infusion pump may be used to control the rate of administration. The Privigen infusion line can be flushed with Dextrose Injection, USP (D5W) or 0.9% Sodium Chloride for Injection, USP.
If large doses of Privigen are to be administered, several vials may be pooled using aseptic technique. Infusion should begin within 8 hours of pooling. See Dosing and Infusion for more information.
The patient's vital signs should be observed and monitored carefully for hypersensitivity reactions throughout the infusion (including hives, generalized urticaria, tightness of the chest, wheezing, hypotension, and anaphylaxis) as well as infusion-related reactions (including hypotension, chills, and headache). In patients at risk for developing renal failure, monitor urine output and renal function, blood urea nitrogen, and serum creatinine. Also monitor patients with risk factors for thrombotic events; consider baseline assessment of blood viscosity for those at risk of hyperviscosity.
Patients should be monitored for hemolysis, hemolytic anemia, volume overload, pulmonary adverse reactions, hyperproteinemia, increased serum viscosity, hyponatremia, hypertension, transmissible infectious agents, and interference with lab tests. If transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) is suspected, the patient and product should be tested for anti-neutrophil antibodies and anti-human leukocyte antigen (HLA) antibodies.
Aseptic meningitis syndrome may occur infrequently following treatment with Privigen.
The complete infusion may take several hours and varies with the absolute weight-based dose administered and individual patient tolerability. See Dosing and Infusion for more information.
Administer IVIg products at the minimum infusion rate possible. Begin at a slow rate of infusion at 0.5 mg/kg/min (0.005 mL/kg/min). Titrate slowly and based on patient tolerability. The maximum infusion rate for patients with PI or CIDP is 8 mg/kg/min (0.08 mL/kg/min); the maximum infusion rate for patients with chronic ITP is 4 mg/kg/min (0.04 mL/kg/min). Monitor patients during infusions. Slow or stop the infusion if adverse reactions occur. If symptoms subside promptly, the infusion may be resumed at a lower rate that is comfortable for the patient. See Dosing and Infusion for complete dosing information or download the guide.
No. Privigen infusions are administered by a healthcare professional such as a nurse or doctor—at a hospital, clinic, physician's office, or in the patient’s home.
The associated CPT®, HCPCS (Healthcare Common Procedural Coding System), and ICD-10-CM codes are based on guidelines from the American Medical Association (AMA) or the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS). The billing party is solely responsible for coding of services (eg, CPT® coding). Because government and other third-party payor coding requirements change periodically, please verify current coding requirements directly with the payor being billed. Review the Privigen Billing and Diagnosis Codes.
Yes, Privigen ConnectSM can provide coding, billing, and reimbursement information, as well as assistance with insurance verifications and prior authorizations. See Privigen Connect to learn more.
Primary immunodeficiency diseases occur in patients who have an intrinsic defect in the immune system. The immune system may have impaired function in one or more components, or may be absent altogether. There are more than 400 different PIs currently recognized by the International Union of Immunological Societies–some are common, others are quite rare. Learn more about PI.2,3
Patients with PI who are unable to produce adequate amounts and/or properly functioning antibodies may benefit from replacement therapy with immunoglobulin.4
Learn more about PI.
An estimated 48.3 individuals per 100,000 in the United States have been diagnosed with PI. Although rare, PI is not as uncommon as once believed.31
There are more than 400 different PIs currently recognized by the International Union of Immunological Societies—some are common, others are quite rare.3 Learn more about PI.
Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) is a rare neurological disorder with an underlying autoimmune basis: the immune system perceives myelin as foreign and attacks it. Damaged myelin ultimately prevents effective communication within the nervous system, which results in the progressive weakness and a loss of sensory function characteristic of CIDP.8,9 See About CIDP for more information.
Ig therapy is currently the only FDA-approved treatment for CIDP. Ig therapy contains naturally occurring antibodies obtained from healthy donors and is administered intravenously with the intent of limiting the damage to peripheral nerves and helping improve motor function.8,9 See About CIDP for a better understanding of how CIDP is treated.
CIDP is a rare disease with about 1–2 new cases per 100,000 people per year. However, the disease can be asymptomatic for years prior to diagnosis, so the actual prevalence may be as high as 9 in 100,000 people.8
ITP is an autoimmune disorder characterized by immunologic destruction of blood platelets.
Patients with ITP often exhibit purpura (red, purple, or brownish-yellow spots) on the skin and mucous membranes and petechiae (red or purple dots) under the skin.
The abbreviation ITP has been defined in various ways: "immune thrombocytopenic purpura," "idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura," and, most recently, "immune thrombocytopenia," though all these variations refer to the same underlying disease.10
There are 3 forms of ITP: newly diagnosed, persistent, and chronic. Newly diagnosed lasts 3 months or less. Persistent lasts from 3 to 12 months. Chronic lasts beyond 12 months.12
At the time of the Privigen pivotal trial for chronic ITP, that form was defined as lasting 6 months or more beyond diagnosis, so the chronic ITP disease criteria for the patient population of that study followed that previous (>6 month) definition.13
Treatment for chronic ITP depends on the platelet count and the frequency and amount of bleeding experienced by the patient. Adults and children with mild ITP may not need any treatment aside from observation of symptoms and platelet counts (eg, watchful waiting). Those with more severe ITP, low platelet counts, and/or bleeding problems are usually treated.
Treatments include corticosteroids, intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg), intravenous anti-D immunoglobulin, rituximab, or newer medicines like eltrombopag and romiplostim. Platelet transfusions may be needed in severe cases.12,14 See About ITP for additional information on IVIg therapy.
For the majority of children and adults, ITP is not serious or life-threatening. The most severe and life-threatening potential complication is intracranial bleeding. Acute ITP in children often resolves within a few months and does not recur. For a small number of children with ITP, further medical or surgical treatment may be required. Chronic ITP varies from person to person and can last many years.10